Computer Engineering and Applications ›› 2021, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (19): 267-273.DOI: 10.3778/j.issn.1002-8331.2006-0107

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External Trucks’ Appointment Optimization of Delivering Containers from Outside at Container Terminal

DING Yi, ZHANG Chengcheng   

  1. Institute of Logistic Science and Engineering, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai 201306, China
  • Online:2021-10-01 Published:2021-09-29



  1. 上海海事大学 物流研究中心,上海 201306


It is an effective way to relieve container terminal’s congestion by appointment. Concerning the interest of truck companies and terminal operators and the complexity of terminal operation system, this paper aims at reducing external trucks’ average queue length within the appointment time windows and the difference between the truck’s preferred and assigned appointment time windows. So it uses queuing theory and Point wise Stationary Fluid Flow Approximation(PSFFA) to set up a multi-objective programming model to determine an optimal scheduling plan which can benefit the truck companies and terminal operators. The paper introduces fact data to solve the model with CPLEX and compares the results with Monte Carlo simulation’s results. Also, it adjusts parameters to optimize appointment mode. The results show that the appointment optimization model can effectively describe the queue of trucks at terminal, and minimize the external truck’s average queue length and the difference between the truck’s preferred and assigned appointment time windows.

Key words: container terminal, truck appointment system, multi-objective programming model, appointment time window, average queue length



关键词: 集装箱码头, 集卡预约系统, 多目标规划模型, 预约时间窗, 平均排队长度