Computer Engineering and Applications ›› 2017, Vol. 53 ›› Issue (9): 213-219.DOI: 10.3778/j.issn.1002-8331.1610-0083

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Flame image segmentation using multiscale color and wavelet-based texture features

BAI Xiaojing1, LU Gang2, YAN Yong1,2   

  1. 1.School of Control and Computer Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206, China
    2.School of Engineering and Digital Arts, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent CT2 7NT, UK
  • Online:2017-05-01 Published:2017-05-15


白晓静1,卢  钢2,闫  勇1,2   

  1. 1.华北电力大学 控制与计算机工程学院,北京 102206
    2.英国肯特大学 工程与数字艺术学院,英国 坎特伯雷 CT2 7NT

Abstract: Accurate and reliable segmentation of flame images are crucial in vision based monitoring and characterization of flames. It is, however, difficult to maintain the segmentation accuracy while achieving fast processing time due to the impact of the background noise in the images and the variation of operation conditions. To improve the quality of the image segmentation, a flame image segmentation method is proposed based on Multiscale Color and Wavelet-based Textures(MCWT) of the images. By combining the color and texture features, a characteristic matrix is built and then compressed using a local mean method. The outer contour of the flame image under the compressed scale is detected by a cluster technique. Subsequently, the flame edge region under the original scale is determined, following that, the characteristic matrix of the edge region is constructed and classified, and finally, the flame image segmentation is achieved. Flame images captured from an industrial-scale coal-firedtest rig under different operation conditions are segmented to evaluate the proposed method. The test results demonstrate that the performance of segmenting flame images of the proposed method is superior to other traditional methods. It also has been found that the proposed method performs more effectively in segmenting the flame images with Gaussian and pepper and salt noise.

Key words: flame image, image segmentation, color feature, texture feature, wavelet transform

摘要: 火焰图像分割质量对基于数字成像的燃烧监测十分重要。受炉膛背景及燃烧工况的影响,难以同时满足火焰图像分割速度和准确度(即火焰图像分割结果与真实火焰接近程度)的需求。提出一种基于多尺度颜色特征和小波纹理特征(MCWT)的无监督火焰图像分割方法,用于提高火焰图像分割的质量和速度。结合火焰图像颜色特征及小波纹理特征构建特征矩阵,对特征矩阵进行压缩并初步检测压缩尺度火焰区域。根据压缩尺度火焰边缘确定原始尺度火焰边缘区域并构建火焰边缘区域特征矩阵,进一步分割得到准确火焰图像分割结果。采用该方法对某工业煤燃烧实验炉内不同燃烧工况下的火焰图像进行分割,并与传统分割方法对比。实验结果表明与其他传统分割方法相比,提出方法能够更准确且快速地实现不同燃烧工况下火焰图像的分割,并且其对于含有高斯噪声和椒盐噪声的火焰图像都具有更好的分割效果。

关键词: 火焰图像, 图像分割, 颜色特征, 纹理特征, 小波分析