Computer Engineering and Applications ›› 2022, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (10): 93-100.DOI: 10.3778/j.issn.1002-8331.2012-0104

• Network, Communication and Security • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Communication Mode Selection and Resource Allocation Algorithm for Train-to-Train Communication

CHEN Yao, ZHAO Junhui, ZHANG Qingmiao, ZHOU Tianqing   

  1. 1.School of Information Engineering, East China Jiaotong University, Nanchang 330013, China
    2.School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
  • Online:2022-05-15 Published:2022-05-15



  1. 1.华东交通大学 信息工程学院,南昌 330013
    2.北京交通大学 电子信息工程学院,北京 100044

Abstract: In the urban rail transit train control system, train-to-train(T2T) communication is a communication mode that uses direct communication between trains to ensure the safe and efficient operation of trains. Compared with the traditional train-to-ground(T2G) communication mode, a system based on T2T communication can simplify the system structure, reduce system costs, and improve train operation efficiency. In order to ensure the signal-to-noise ratio of the communication link and maximize the channel capacity of the entire system, this paper analyzes the joint communication mode selection and resource allocation when the T2G communication mode and the T2T communication mode coexist. Firstly, a communication mode selection algorithm is proposed, its purpose is to enable the train to adaptively select a communication mode with better communication quality. Then, based on the choice of communication mode, a resource allocation algorithm based on Lagrangian dual function method is proposed, the optimal transmission power of trains in different communication modes can be obtained. The simulation results show that compared with other resource allocation algorithms, the algorithm proposed in this paper can significantly improve the channel capacity of the system.

Key words: T2T communication, urban rail transit, communication mode selection, resource allocation

摘要: 在城市轨道交通列车控制系统中,车车(train-to-train,T2T)通信是利用列车之间直接通信来保障列车安全、高效运行的一种通信模式。与传统的车地(train-to-ground,T2G)通信模式相比,基于T2T通信的系统可以简化系统结构,降低系统成本,提高列车运营效率。为保证通信链路信噪比的同时最大程度地提高整个系统的信道容量,研究了T2G通信模式与T2T通信模式共存情况下的联合通信模式选择和资源分配问题。提出了一种通信模式选择算法,其目的是使列车能够自适应地选择具有更好通信质量的通信模式。在通信模式选择的基础上,提出了一种基于拉格朗日对偶函数法的资源分配算法,该算法可获得列车在不同通信模式下的最佳传输功率。仿真结果表明,相比于其他资源分配算法,所提算法能明显提升系统的信道容量。

关键词: 车车通信, 城市轨道交通, 通信模式选择, 资源分配